Human and Animal Studies

The Journal’s policy insists that certain guidelines have to be followed by authors of research papers whose work deal with human subjects. The guidelines are as per the Declaration of Helsinki 1978.The author’s institutional board or any other appropriate committee should have approved of the research on human subjects and the name of this board has to be acknowledged with approval number and date.

Similarly the manuscript should contain a statement that makes the following declaration:

"All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2008."


"Informed consent was obtained from all patients for being included in the study." If such consent is not obtained proper explanation should be given. Authors must submit the approval letter from the Institutional board if requested by the journal.

Animals Studies and Ethical Treatment

National Research Council has guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals. Any research done on these animals should be within the permissible limits if these guidelines. All details regarding the use of these animals for experiments and other related studies should be clearly stated in the manuscript.

Approval from institutional ethical committee (for animal/human study) must be taken by the author in written and should be submitted to the journal if requested. The manuscript should have a similar statement in the methods/experimental section that

"All institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed."

“All animal studies were done after receiving approval from Institutional Ethical committee approval with approval number …..”

Kindly mention the approval number with date.